- right understanding
- right thought
- right speech
- right action
- right livelihood
- right effort
- right mindfulness
- right meditation
- Prajna (Sanskrit)
- Acquired through cultivating truth from one’s experiences and not through intellectual prowess.
- Matter of growing insight, not gaining knowledge.
- Right understanding > right view
- Right thought > right resolve
- Shila (Sanskrit)
- Based on specific ethical precepts
- Right speech > not lying or slandering, etc.
- Right action > not stealing, killing, getting drunk, sexually irresponsible, etc.
- Right livelihood > doing work that assists oneself and others towards enlightenment.
- Example: There are obvious occupations that would not be appropriate here such as crime or prostitution. The gray area… if you believe that right action involves not getting drunk, then a job as a bartender or server may not be appropriate for you
- Samadhi (Sanskrit)
- Also means concentration
- Distinct from wisdom
- Right effort > determination to practice the dharma
- Right mindfulness > completely present in each and every moment
- Not brooding over the past or the future
- Right meditation (or absorption) > stilling the mind
- One-pointedness of mind