Austen Riggs Center Psychiatric Hospital

The Austen Riggs Center is an open psychiatric hospital and treatment program that promotes resilience and self-direction in adults (18+) with complex psychiatric problems. They specialize in the long-term treatment of psychiatric disorders with intensive psychodynamic psychotherapy and a full range of psychiatric services, offered in a completely voluntary continuum of care that includes inpatient, residential, and day treatment programs.

They treat the individual, not the diagnosis. Diagnostic labels cannot capture the essence of an individual’s struggles or strengths, and they often obscure what people have in common. Many of their patients have multiple diagnoses, and many have been identified as “treatment resistant” in the past. Often they seek psychiatric treatment at Riggs because they need a different approach, and many opt to stay in our long-term residential treatment program following an initial evaluation and treatment period.

All patients have intensive psychodynamic psychotherapy four times a week with a psychiatrist or clinical psychologist. The goal is to help the person expand their capacity for work, play, and love by fostering improved self-esteem and resilience, and by helping them acknowledge and come to terms with whatever has previously blocked their development.

Recognizing the importance of the social context, they offer in-depth family evaluation, support for family members, and family therapy, as well as a robust Therapeutic Community Program in which patients can develop supportive peer relationships and learn about themselves with others. They offer opportunities for participation in patient government, in social and recreational activities, in reflective process groups, and in health and wellness activities such as meditation and yoga.

The Erikson Institute for Education and Research of the Austen Riggs Center studies individuals in their social contexts through research, training, education, and outreach programs in the local community and beyond. Part of that offering includes an Adult Psychoanalytic Training Program and Fellowship in Hospital-Based Psychotherapy for psychiatrists and psychologists. The program takes a systems perspective, emphasizing cultural and familial contexts, as well as individual development across the lifespan.

The basic ingredients essential to fulfilling the Center’s mission are:

  • Treatment organized around an intensive individual therapeutic relationship, focusing on the patient’s recognition and tolerance of experiences of conflict and pain, leading to the development of a sense of perspective on the illness
  • An open therapeutic community involving all staff and patients
  • A careful assessment phase, including psychological testing
  • A range of programs, geared to individual levels of capability and need
  • Continuous treatment by the same multidisciplinary team as patients move between programs
  • Psychopharmacologic treatment
  • Group work, substance use treatment, family treatment and help with reintegration into the external community
  • A broad activities program offering creative expression, with patients in the role of student, and in a “treatment free zone”
  • Ongoing staff training, research and education to further the primary clinical task
  • Recruitment and retention of quality staff

Vision:

In an increasingly complex and fragmented world, the dignity of the individual, the importance of human relationships and the centrality of a sense of community are more difficult to find. The focus and traditions of the Austen Riggs Center orient the staff to help troubled patients meet these and other rapidly changing psychological challenges of contemporary society. We will continually build on our distinguished past, helping our patients develop personal competence in a completely open setting that emphasizes the individual’s capacity to face and take responsibility for his or her life—past, present, and future. We nurture our patients’ strengths, foster their social functioning and encourage family collaboration. Through our research and training programs, we educate professionals in our psychodynamic perspective, applying this learning to a broad range of psychosocial problems. Finally, in this time of diminishing mental health benefits, we will continue to develop cost-effective treatment settings that focus on individual psychotherapy, community living and that attend to resource limitations as both reality to deal with and metaphor for other limits and losses.

Values:

  • Affirmation of the dignity and responsibility of the individual
  • Recognition, appreciation and enhancement of individual strengths
  • Importance of human relationships
  • Respect for individual differences
  • Centrality of the psychotherapeutic relationship
  • Learning opportunities in a community of differentiated voices
  • Importance of examined living
  • Attention to the conflict between individual choice and the requirements of a community
  • Openness to innovation and creativity
  • Open setting to promote personal responsibility and freedom of choice in treatment
  • Importance of recognizing and preserving multiple roles, including those of student and community member
  • Provision of treatment based on quality and outcome, not profit

Located in the small New England town of Stockbridge, MA, three hours from New York City, two hours from Boston, and one hour from Albany, NY, the Austen Riggs Center is fully licensed by the Massachusetts Department of Health and accredited by the Joint Commission.

Serious Mental Illness By The Numbers

Serious Mental Illness By The Numbers:

Prevalence and Treatment Rates*:

~ 8.3 million adults with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder mental illness (3.3% of the population)+

~ 5.5 million – approximate number with severe bipolar disorder (2.2% of the population), 51% untreated+

~ 2.8 million – approximate number with schizophrenia (1.1% of the population), 40% untreated+

~3.9 million – approximate number untreated in any given year (1.6% of the population)+

Consequences of Non-treatment*:

~ 169,000 homeless people with serious mental illness**

~ 383,000 inmates with mental illness in jails and prisons

~ 50% – estimated percentage of individuals with schizophrenia or bipolar who attempt suicide during their lifetimes

~ 44,193 suicide deaths in 2015

~ 10% – estimated percentage of homicides involving an offender with serious mental illness (approximately 1,425 per year at 2014 homicide rates)

~ 29% – estimated percentage of family homicides associated with serious mental illness

~ 50% – estimated percentage of mass killings associated with serious mental illness

  • Numbers and percentages of US adults
    +National Institute of Mental Health, 2016
    **2015 Annual Homeless Assessment Report

Mad Poet’s Society: McLean Hospital, Robert Lowell, Sylvia Plath, and Anne Sexton

In suburban Massachusetts, on 240 acres of peaceful grounds, is a literary legend—of sorts. McLean Hospital, with its long history of treating the blue bloods of Boston, has become an unlikely poetry landmark after providing both recuperation and inspiration to Robert Lowell, Sylvia Plath, and Anne Sexton.

Plath was the first of the three to stay at McLean. In 1953, during a summer at home before her senior year in college, Plath swallowed a bottle of pills and crawled beneath her house. Her failed suicide attempt led to months of treatment at McLean and began her long relationship with the psychiatrist Ruth Tiffany Barnhouse. While there, Plath received insulin-shock therapy, anti-psychotic drugs, and ultimately electroshock therapy. The experience surfaced years later in her poem, “The Hanging Man,” which begins, “By the roots of my hair some god got hold of me / I sizzled in his blue volts like a desert prophet.”

Lowell was admitted to McLean in 1958, though his infamous manic outbursts had already resulted in numerous stays at other mental institutions. Over eight years, he stayed there four times, correspondeding frequently from his hospital address, and sending letters to Theodore Roethke, Ezra Pound, and even Jackie Kennedy. Written about his first stay at McLean, his poem “Waking in the Blue” mentions Bowditch Hall and was pasted on the wall of the nurse’s station there for years.

Highly competitive with Plath, Sexton tried for years to be admitted to McLean, but her therapist, aware of the high cost, refused to admit her. Sexton first entered McLean as a teacher. In 1968, she was invited to lead a weekly poetry seminar in the hospital, providing Sexton with her first teaching experience, after which she became a professor at Boston University. In 1973, a year before her death by suicide, Sexton achieved her wish and was admitted to McLean for a five-day examination.

Plath and Sexton both attended a poetry seminar taught by Lowell at Boston University in 1959. They were each inspired by his confessional poetry and the appreciation for madness that he cultivated. In “Elegy in the Classroom,” Sexton wrote about Lowell: “I must admire your skill. / You are so gracefully insane.” Through his encouragement, they began to turn their personal experiences into verse—a quality that would mark their later work.

Plath discovered she could mine her McLean experiences for literary inspiration. She wrote in her journal, “There is an increasing market for mental-hospital stuff. I am a fool if I don’t relive, recreate it.” Thus she began her famous novel, The Bell Jar. Years later, in his introduction to Plath’s posthumous poetry collection Ariel, Lowell said, “Everything in these poems is personal, confessional, felt, but the manner of feeling is controlled hallucination, the autobiography of fever.”

Source: poets.org

Knocking Round the Zoo – by James Taylor

This is an autobiographical song describing Taylor’s stay at McLean, a psychiatric hospital near Boston where he stayed while finishing high school. Taylor was attending a strict boarding school called Milton Academy when he suffered a bout of depression that led his family to pull him from the school and send him to McLean, where he took classes at their affiliated school.

In this song, he explains how it felt like a zoo, with bars on the windows and people coming to look at you – his sister Kate broke down in tears during one visit.

While Taylor was at McLean, he spotted Ray Charles, who was sent there for his heroin addiction. Taylor’s siblings Livingston and Kate also ended up spending time there. Over the next 15 years or so, James ended up in various other rehab centers and hospitals to treat his addictions.

Just knocking around the zoo
On a Thursday afternoon,
There’s bars on all the windows
And they’re counting up the spoons, yeah.
And if I’m feeling edgy,
There’s a chick who’s paid
To be my slave, yeah, watch out James.
But she’ll hit me with a needle
If she thinks I’m trying to misbehave.

Now the keeper’s trying to cool me
Says I’m bound to be all right,
But I know that he can’t fool me
‘Cause I’m putting him uptight, yeah.
And I can feel him getting edgy
Every time I make a sudden move,
Whoa, yes it’s true.
And I can hear them celebrating
Every time I up and leave the room.

Now my friends all come to see me,
They just point at me and stare.
Said, he’s just like the rest of us
So what’s he doing there?
They hide in their movie theaters
Drinking juice, keeping tight,
Watch that bright light.
‘Cause they’re certain about one thing, babe,
That zoo’s no place to spend the night, no.

Just knocking around the zoo
On a Thursday afternoon,
There’s bars on all the windows
And they’re counting up the spoons, yeah.
And if I’m feeling edgy,
There’s a chick who’s paid to be my slave,
Watch out Kootch.
But she’ll hit me with a needle
If she thinks I’m trying to misbehave.

E. Fuller Torrey On Deinstitutionalization

Deinstitutionalization:

“It is important to understand the magnitude of deinstitutionalization. In 1955, when the United States had a population of 164 million people, there were over 558,000 mentally ill individuals in public mental hospitals. In 2006, the United States had a population of almost 300 million; if in 2006 we had had the same number of individuals in public mental hospitals as we had in 1955 in proportion to the population, the number of hospitalized patients would have been just over one million. In 2006, there were in fact only approximately 40,000 individuals in public mental hospitals.

Deinstitutionalization was not a onetime experiment that might be easily reversed. Once a patient was discharged from the hospital, that bed was no longer available for that person to return to or for a new patient to use. Eventually, at least forty state mental hospitals were closed altogether. Many of the seriously mentally ill individuals…who today are homeless, incarcerated, victimized, violent, or otherwise not receiving treatment have never been hospitalized at all.”

~ E. Fuller Torrey, from The Insanity Offense: How America’s Failure to Treat the Seriously Mentally Ill Endangers Its Citizens

#MentalHealth #Deinstitutionalization #TheInsanityOffense #MySchizLife

Justice system and mental health

Justice system and mental health:

~ 2 million people with mental illness are newly incarcerated each year.

~ Recent findings show that there are 10 times more individuals with serious mental illness in prisons and jails than in state mental hospitals.

~ 83% of inmates with mental illness did not have access to treatment after release.

~ In a recent outcome study, 64% of inmates with mental illness released from prison were rearrested within 18 months, and 48% were hospitalized within the same time period.

Ezra Pound

Today in 1949 – Ezra Pound is awarded the first Bollingen Prize in poetry by the Bollingen Foundation and Yale University.

At the time Pound, an American, was locked in St. Elizabeths mental hospital in Washington, D.C., where he stayed for 12 years. He had been charged with treason but was never tried. His fellow artists helped secure his release in 1958, and he went to Italy, where he died in 1972. Here’s his mug shot when he was arrested.

McLean Psychiatric Hospital: Belmont, Massachusetts

Founded in 1811: McLean Hospital is a leader in psychiatric care, research, and education and is the largest psychiatric teaching hospital of Harvard Medical School.

Mission Statement

McLean Hospital is dedicated to improving the lives of people and families affected by psychiatric illness.

McLean pursues this mission by:

• Providing the highest quality compassionate, specialized and effective clinical care, in partnership with those whom we serve

• Conducting state-of-the-art scientific investigation to maximize discovery and accelerate translation of findings towards achieving prevention and cures

• Training the next generation of leaders in psychiatry, mental health and neuroscience

• Providing public education to facilitate enlightened policy and eliminate stigma

Core Values

We dedicate ourselves each and every day to McLean’s mission of clinical care, scientific discovery, professional training and public education in order to improve the lives of people with psychiatric illness and their families.

In all of our work, we strive to:

• Conduct ourselves with unwavering integrity

• Demonstrate compassion and respect for our patients, their families and our colleagues

• Foster an environment that embraces diversity and promotes teamwork

• Achieve excellence and ever-better effectiveness and efficiency through innovation

• McLean Hospital’s clinical and research activities are organized into seven Centers of Excellence and Innovation

These centers integrate the hospital’s three mission elements—clinical care, research, and education—with a focus on the rapid translation of science in order to establish, deliver, and disseminate ever-better, evidence-based approaches to care.

• Led by world-class clinicians and researchers, each of the seven centers have a primary diagnostic, research, or demographic focus and are laying the groundwork for further innovation as McLean continues to set a high bar in psychiatric care, research, and education.

Center of Excellence in Alcohol, Drugs, and Addiction

• McLean’s Center of Excellence in Alcohol, Drugs, and Addiction, led by Chief Roger D. Weiss, MD, is designed to foster integrated, evidence-based approaches to prevention, early detection, and treatment of substance use disorders.

• Addiction has become one of the most prevalent health issues of our time. From the current opioid crisis to the treatment of those dually diagnosed with addiction and other mental health illnesses, McLean offers a continuum of addiction care, including brief hospitalization for detoxification and stabilization, four residential programs, a partial hospital program, outpatient treatment, specialized programs, and a consultation service.

• The center also includes robust training and research initiatives through the Co-Occurring Disorders Institute, the Alcohol and Drug Addiction Clinical Research Program, and the Addiction Psychiatry Fellowship.

Nancy and Richard Simches Center of Excellence in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

• Mental health issues are appearing ever-more widespread among young people. Joseph Gold, MD, is McLean’s chief medical officer and chief of the Simches Center of Excellence in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Children and teens are more prone than adults to depression, anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism, bipolar disorder, addiction, and personality disorders.

• Led by Dr. Gold, McLean treats children ages 3 to 19 years who are struggling with these and other issues. Two fully accredited schools provide educational opportunities for children needing specialized academic programming. The center also reaches into the community to support children and adolescents in every possible setting, including public and private schools and pediatrician’s offices.

Center of Excellence in Depression and Anxiety Disorders

• Anxiety disorders are the most commonly diagnosed psychiatric disorders in the United States today, and individuals with anxiety also frequently suffer from clinical depression. Led by McLean’s Chief Scientific Officer Kerry J. Ressler, MD, PhD, along with its Director of Research Diego A. Pizzagalli, PhD, and Clinical Director Jane Eisen, MD, the Center of Excellence in Depression and Anxiety Disorders works to understand the biological underpinnings of these illnesses.

• The center conducts both clinical and basic science research into the relationship between stress, fear, trauma, and the prevalence of depression and anxiety disorders. Because these disorders occur in all demographics and often appear in conjunction with other psychiatric diagnoses, the center works collaboratively with McLean’s six other centers of excellence to speed the translation of science from bench to bedside to develop ever-better clinical and medication treatments.

• The center incorporates all levels of care, from outpatient to residential to multiple specialty inpatient programs and outpatient services like ECT, TMS, and ketamine.

Center of Excellence in Geriatric Psychiatry

• Providing psychiatric care for older adults can include managing the normal effects of mental and physical changes of aging while also concentrating on the psychological and neurological changes that can worsen as the body and brain get older.

• Led by Chief Brent P. Forester, MD, MSc, McLean’s Center of Excellence in Geriatric Psychiatry works to make the later stages of life healthy, fulfilling, and joyful. Clinical care and research at the center focus on older adults with depression, bipolar disorder, and behavioral complications of Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias.

Center of Excellence in Psychotic Disorders

• Led by Chief Dost Öngür, MD, PhD, the Center of Excellence in Psychotic Disorders includes inpatient programs, a residential facility, specialty outpatient clinics, and community-based services for individuals diagnosed with psychotic disorders, primarily schizophrenia or bipolar disorder.

• Dr. Öngür and his team have built clinical and research collaborations to advance our understanding of the neurobiology of psychosis and develop new insights into treatment and prevention. Researchers and clinicians in the center are changing the landscape of recovery and helping to restore lives and offer hope to those diagnosed with these debilitating disorders.

Center of Excellence in Women’s Mental Health

• The mission of McLean’s Center of Excellence in Women’s Mental Health is to innovate and improve mental health care for all women and girls throughout their life span. Led by center Chief Shelly F. Greenfield, MD, MPH, and Clinical Director Amy Gagliardi, MD, the center provides a uniting infrastructure to advance clinical care, training, and education.

• The center is a national leader in this emerging field and is conducting and sharing research across McLean and around the globe.

Center of Excellence in Basic Neuroscience

• One of McLean’s primary mission elements is to conduct state-of-the-art scientific investigation to maximize discovery and speed translation of findings toward prevention and cures for major psychiatric disorders.

• Chief Bill Carlezon, PhD, leads McLean’s Center of Excellence in Basic Neuroscience which is dedicated to studying the role of biological factors in mental illness. Under his direction, more than 130 principal investigators in more than 40 research labs conduct research into the “why” and “how” of mental illness.

• Scientists study the brain at the cellular and molecular levels to push the frontiers of knowledge and move their findings from “benchtop to bedside.”

McLean Values are at the core of everything we do. As clinicians, researchers, educators, administrators, and support staff, we conduct ourselves in ways that reflect our deep commitment to integrity, compassion and respect, diversity and teamwork, excellence, and innovation. These Values are the essence of McLean; they are at once emblematic of who we are and what we aspire to be.

~ McLean Hospital President and Psychiatrist in Chief Scott L. Rauch, MD

The Mayo Clinic – Minnesota: Psychiatric & Behavioral Health Hospital

Mayo Clinic John E. Herman Home and Treatment Facility

The Mayo Clinic John E. Herman Home and Treatment Facility is a residential treatment program for adults who have a serious mental illness. Its goal is to help residents return to the community to engage in value-driven, productive and meaningful lives.

People in the program experience:

• Individualized treatment of psychiatric symptoms

• On-site, 24/7 support from a multidisciplinary team

• A supervised environment

• A stay of at least three months, usually

• Evidence-based individual and group therapy

• An opportunity to gain competitive employment in the community through an evidence-based vocational program, individual placement and support (IPS)

• Dedicated time for activities of daily living, physical activity and recreation, facility maintenance, and leisure

People age 18 or up may be eligible for the program if they are living with mood disorders (such as depression and bipolar disorder), psychotic disorders (such as schizophrenia), anxiety or personality disorders.

The program includes a treatment facility and two residential recovery homes in Rochester, Minnesota. The homes each have eight rooms with private baths and communal spaces for cooking and gathering.

Self-referrals are considered, as are referrals by family members and providers.

Mayo Clinic Psychiatric Hospital

In the hospital, psychiatrists work in integrated teams with internists, psychologists, social workers, physical and occupational therapists, and other specialists to provide comprehensive coordinated short-term care tailored to the needs of each patient. The hospital includes these units:

Psychiatric Acute Care Unit. This unit stabilizes and treats adults experiencing mental health crises, such as those who are suicidal, homicidal or psychotic. After being stabilized and evaluated, patients receive individualized care, which may include medical treatments, group psychotherapy, recreational therapy, and education about coping strategies, relapse prevention, and stress management.

Medical and Geriatric Psychiatry Unit. Admitted to this unit are adults with both medical and psychiatric conditions, as well as geriatric patients who need hospitalization for psychiatric issues — most commonly late-life mood and cognitive disorders. Treatment may include medication, recreational and relaxation therapy, and education about depression, anxiety and aging-related issues.

Mood Disorders Unit. This unit treats adults whose depression or bipolar illness is significantly affecting their quality of life, functioning or safety. Intensive daily treatment is personalized to each patient and may include talk therapy (psychotherapy), such as cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical behavioral therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy or behavioral activation. Treatment may also involve medications, family and group therapy, occupational therapy, relaxation activities, and — when appropriate — electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) or transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS).

Child, Adolescent and Family Services Unit: This secure unit specializes in stabilization and treatment for children and teenagers who are experiencing an acute mental health crisis, such as those who are suicidal, homicidal or experiencing psychosis. Treatment for a variety of conditions including mood and adjustment disorders, anxiety, self-injurious behavior and psychotic disorders is family-centered and multidisciplinary. The treatment team includes psychiatrists, advanced practice providers, psychologists, social workers, specialized nursing staff, Child Life Specialists, and occupational, physical, recreational and music therapists.

Mayo Clinic Depression Center

A member of the National Network of Depression Centers, Mayo Clinic Depression Center offers comprehensive evidence-based evaluation and treatment for adults and children with depression or bipolar disorder. Programs range from outpatient consultations to intensive inpatient treatment, with care provided by a team of Mayo Clinic psychiatrists, psychologists, nurse practitioners, social workers and other specialists with expertise in mood disorders. Services include:

Adult Mood Clinic. Outpatient evaluation and treatment for adults with treatment-resistant depression or bipolar disorder is available in the Mayo Mood Clinic. After an initial assessment and depending on the person’s needs, he or she may be referred to the Mood Disorders Unit or the two-week Mood Program.

Adult Mood Program. This is a 10-day, full-day group-based outpatient multidisciplinary psychotherapy for adults with depression or bipolar disorder. It uses three evidence-based supported psychotherapies: interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (also called IPSRT), mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, and behavioral activation. The program helps to develop more effective ways to manage interpersonal problems and stabilize the daily routine of activities.

Adult Mood Disorders Unit. This inpatient unit, described above, is part of the Mayo Clinic Psychiatric Hospital, which provides expert care tailored to individual needs.

Pediatric Mood Clinic. Staffed by experts in childhood mood disorders such as depression, bipolar disease, cyclothymic disorder and persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia), the clinic provides team-based diagnosis and treatment. Outpatient options include: Adolescents Coping with Depression, a 12-week intervention meeting for one hour a week for teens ages 14 through 18; and Multifamily Psychoeducational Psychotherapy, an 8-week intervention meeting for one hour a week for youths ages 11 through 14.

CAIMP. The Child and Adolescent Integrated Mood Program (CAIMP) is a two-week outpatient partial hospitalization program for children and teens (ages 10 to 18) with primary depression or bipolar disorder. It’s held Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 4 p.m., Central time. Treatment includes cognitive behavior therapies, interpersonal therapy, mindfulness, medication management, family-focused strategies, health and wellness interventions, and education about mood disorders. Caregivers are required to participate in the program with their child/teen to improve understanding of their child’s illness and develop techniques to both support their child and assist with their own coping.

Depression Improvement Across Minnesota, Offering a New Direction (DIAMOND). DIAMOND involves a primary care provider, care manager and consulting psychiatrist for Minnesota adults with depression who are seen in primary care settings, with a focus on relapse prevention. DIAMOND is currently only available for patients who have Mayo primary care providers in Rochester or Kasson, Minn.

Pain Rehabilitation Center

Mayo’s Pain Rehabilitation Center offers adult and pediatric outpatient programs for noncancer-related chronic pain to help people regain function and quality of life. These programs treat patients with a broad range of pain types, as well as those with medical and psychiatric complications. These may include chronic fatigue and nausea, fibromyalgia, cyclic vomiting, and autonomic disorders, such as postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS). Programs include:

• Adult three-week program

• Adult two-day program

• Pediatric three-week program

Addiction Services

Since 1972, Mayo Clinic has been treating people addicted to alcohol, illegal drugs and prescription medications, using an individualized, holistic approach within a respectful environment. Multispecialty care teams include addiction psychiatrists, licensed alcohol and drug counselors, licensed clinical social workers, registered nurses and other specialists.

Learn more about Mayo’s options for addiction treatment, including the Outpatient Addiction Program, an Intensive Addiction Program and continuing care programs.

Other areas of excellence

The Department of Psychiatry and Psychology provides many other areas of excellence, such as:

• Comprehensive multidisciplinary psychiatric assessments for adults, teenagers and children

• Formal assessment of attention, concentration, memory, reasoning and learning abilities to help diagnose neuropsychological disorders such as dementia, mild cognitive impairment, traumatic brain injury, stroke, learning disabilities and attention deficits

• Clinic for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

• Pediatric Anxiety Disorders Clinic, including treatment for panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder and separation anxiety

• Behavioral Medicine Program

• Innovative memory training program called HABIT Healthy Action to Benefit Independence & Thinking®

• Telemedicine program for cognitively impaired elderly patients with behavior problems

• Rehabilitative services for people with traumatic brain injury